By early October 1941, the huge German Army that had swept all before
it across the expanse of Belorussia, was again prepared to go on the attack.
In the preceding weeks Smolensk has been reduced by the infantry armies
whilst the most of the panzers refitted for the coming campaign.
OKH had returned to FeldMarshall Bock the bulk of the
forces taken from him for the operation at Kiev. Now, at the beginning
of the final attack on Moscow, his armies totaled more than 1.5 million
men, augmented by 1,000 tanks and panzer units. Indeed 14 of the 19 panzer
divisions on the Russian Front where under his control. Their target?
Nothing short of the Soviet capital itself. The simmering jewel in the
east that had eluded Napoleon before him.
Facing Bock where the remnants of the Soviet armies shattered over the
proceeding summer. Their numbers were around ¼ of a million troops
though they now had the advantage of sunken earth works and defenses prepared
hastily during the period of rest the last two weeks had brought them.
They were literally the final defenders before Moscow, though they would
soon be augmented by fresh divisions from the east. In command of these
troops Stalin placed one of his most trusted generals, Zhukov, and he
along with General Mud would battle to stop the fascist invaders at the
very doorstep of the capital.
The attack began in text book blitzkrieg fashion, with the panzer divisions
slicing through the soviet defenses as easily as they had in the middle
of June. Within a week six soviet armies were surrounded west of Vyasma
and it seemed very little would stop the Germans from capturing Moscow.
But alas the weather changed for the worse and as the rains and first
snows fell in mid October, so the advance slowed to a crawl in the viscous
gelatinous mud. Yet by mid-October, Army Group Center was poised for a
climactic drive on Moscow. Most of the Soviet reserve has been destroyed
and very little stood between the Wermacht and their goal.
At this point Hitler intervened. His directive stated that the capital
itself was not important, and that the panzer arms should veer north and
south of the city heading for the important industrial towns of Kalinin
and Tula. Thus robbed of a 1/3 of his armour, Bock’s main drive
slowly petered out as his supply system collapsed in the ever treacherous
quagmire that the rains has created of the road system.
But despite all these difficulties, the German armies managed to forge
ahead, penetrating the so-called Mozhaisk Line and preparing for an all-out
assault on the capital itself. With ever increasing Soviet resistance
from troops drawn from the eastern provinces, and large (albeit green)
tank units of t-34’s straight from the production lines, the German
assault dwindled to a stop in early November. The German’s awaited
a freeze to continue their assault. To continue on was going to be a terrible
gamble, but not to would invite disaster…
Operation Typhoon is a 32 turn game that simulates the dramatic encirclement
of the Soviet forces at Vyasma in early October 1941. AI is included for
both sides and is recommended to be played with an advantage to the AI
Due to the large number of forces involved on both sides and huge map,
players can expect a slight decrease in performance (especially on older
machines) whilst using the Combat Advisor. This will disappear as the
game goes on and the number of units present changes. A historical outcome
will typically result in a draw, though both sides have a realistic opportunity
to extract a victory.
Download the self extracting EXE from the link above. Double click on
the Operation Typhoon.exe and then follow the installation prompts. This
will install all files into a ...scenarios\Moscow folder under your main
Battles in Italy Folder. The game may be selected by choosing Operation
Typhoon within the Moscow folder. Good luck!